South of Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro and extreme northwestern Albania. Introduced to Cres at the city wall of Osor.


Dalmatolacerta oxycephala  (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)


Lacerta oxycephala  DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839

Archaeolacerta oxycephala  ARRIBAS, 1999

Dalmatolacerta oxycephala  ARNOLD et al, 2007

Common names:

Sharp-snouted Rock Lizard (English)
Spitzkopfeidechse (German)


Syntypes: MNHN-RA 2738, MNHN-RA 2738A, MNHN-RA 2739 and MNHN-RA 2739A (4 syntypes)

Terra Typica:


Taxonomic notes:

A molecular analysis published in 2014 (PODNAR et al., 2014) shows a splitting of the species into 2 lines that have an unusually high genetic distance. However, a formal recognition of 2 species has been dispensed with, as there are no data on nuclear DNA to date.


Relevant taxonomic literature:

  • Duméril, A.M.C. & Bibron, G. (1839) -  Livre quatrième: De l`ordre des lézards ou des sauriens - Seconde sous-famille. Autosaures Coelodontes. -  Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, 5: 153-317.  

  • Podnar, M. & Madaric, B.B. & Mayer, W. (2013) -  Non-concordant phylogeographical patterns of three widely codistributed endemic Western Balkan lacertid lizards (Reptilia, Lacertidae) shaped by specific habitat requirements and different responses to Pleistocene climatic oscillations. -  Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, Berlin, 52 (2): 119–129.